Late Sunday night, around 4 a.m. Montreal time, the Kunming-Montreal Agreement, or Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) for this decade, was adopted at COP15. COP15 President Huang Runqiu moved to adopt the agreement during the closing plenary along with a package of decisions relating to: a monitoring framework; planning, monitoring and review mechanisms; capacity building and technical cooperation initiatives; resource mobilisation; and digital sequencing information (DSI) of genetic resources.
COP15, the United Nations Conference on Biodiversity, begins today in Montreal. During the fifth session of preparatory negotiations, which ended on Monday, December 5, countries' divergent positions remained polarized on most issues and no significant progress was achieved. We cannot afford to exit COP15 without an ambitious and transformative agreement, with adequate economic resources to support it and mechanisms for implementation and monitoring.
At the end of June, what was to be the fourth and final session of preparatory negotiations was held in Nairobi with a view to concluding COP15 at the end of 2022. In fact, after the March interim negotiations in Geneva, delegates had decided to schedule an additional negotiating session before COP15, held in Nairobi from June 21-26, 2022, further pushing back the closing date of COP15.